Dealing with health issues can be terrifying for many people. Some can turn into chronic disorders and hamper life and daily routine. And when surgery is mentioned, it can get even scarier.
When it comes to orthopedic surgery, it is a branch that involves the treatment of the musculoskeletal system. So, orthopedic surgeons treat spine diseases, infections, tumors, congenital disorders, sports injuries, spine disorders, etc.
In case you are searching for a hospital that treats the issues mentioned above, you can look for an orthopedic hospital in Bangalore. But did you know about a few common types of orthopedic surgeries? If you don’t have any clue about that, you can read further and learn about the various types.
1. Knee replacement surgery:
One of the most utilized joints in the body is the knee. When you pursue an activity, you might injure your knee accidentally. Some knee injuries are treated with the help of medications and certain ointments. But what if it is worse? Then, your healthcare provider will ask you to do surgery right away.
Some treatments require replacing the knee. So, knee replacement surgery either replaces some part of the knee joint or the entire knee joint with an artificial one.
It is crucial, particularly when the cartilage is damaged, restricting the movement and making it extremely painful to move. The causes for knee replacement surgery include bursitis, obesity, and trauma to the knee.
2. Hip replacement surgery:
The femur or the thigh bone is connected to the pelvis or hip bone by a ball-and-socket joint. The femoral head is the “ball” portion or top portion of the femur, whereas the “socket” portion in the pelvis is the acetabulum.
If the individual’s hips are healthy, the cartilage making the joint will move smoothly. The different types of hip replacement surgery include total hip replacement, partial hip replacement, and hip resurfacing.
In total hip replacement surgery, damaged or worn-out sections of the hip are replaced with artificial implants. When it comes to partial hip replacement surgery, it replaces only one side of the hip joint. Hip resurfacing of the socket and the femoral head is commonly done among active and younger patients.
You might need a hip replacement if the stiffness in your hip restricts motion or the hip pain turns severe without getting relieved by medications.
3. ACL surgery:
Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL surgery is a surgery that replaces a torn anterior cruciate (the major ligament of the knee). These injuries most commonly occur during sports like volleyball, football, soccer, and basketball, which involve changes in direction and sudden stops.
Ligaments are powerful bands of tissue that can attach one bone to another one. The torn ligament is replaced with a band of tissue that connects muscle to tendons or bones during the ACL procedure.
The graft tendon is either taken from a deceased donor or a part of your body. Generally, it is not a major surgery, and the patient is allowed to return home that day itself. So, if you are searching for orthopedic surgeons, you can find them at an orthopedic hospital in Bangalore.
4. Shoulder replacement surgery:
When it comes to shoulder replacement, the damaged areas of the bones are taken off and substituted with parts made of plastic (implants) and metal. So, in a nutshell, in this procedure, the top portion of the upper arm’s bone or humerus is removed by the surgeon, and a metal ball is put in its place.
Then, the part of the socket that is damaged is also replaced with a prosthesis made of plastic. The ligaments and tendons in the shoulder or the rotator cuff will keep everything in its place. But what if the rotator cuff is injured as well?
That’s when a reverse shoulder replacement is performed by the surgeon. In reverse shoulder replacement surgery, the plastic prosthetics are placed above the humerus, and the metal ball is placed in the socket.